RapidWeaver FAQ - Using HostGator, instructions and review.







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Here you will find basic instructions on how to use HostGator with RapidWeaver, using HostGator in general and a review about HostGator.



hostgator2

Chapter 1: Review and how to sign up (Read me!)
Chapter 2: Uploading to HostGator
2.1 Where to find the connection data (server settings)
2.2 Upload to HostGator using RapidWeaver’s integrated FTP
2.3 Connect and upload to HostGator using Cyberduck (or any other FTP application)
2.4 What is the root?
Chapter 3: Domains
3.1 What happens if I have multiple domains?
3.2 How do I add another domain to my hosting account?
3.3 How can I have two domains pointing to the same site?
Chapter 4: E-mails
4.1 How can I have e-mails like me@mydomain.com?
4.2 How do I use e-mails like me@mydomain.com with Mail application, Outlook or on the iPhone?
4.3 How do I check my e-mails on the web?
Chapter 5: How can I have a custom "404 Error - Page not found" page on HostGator? And how do I create it?
Chapter 6: How can I password protect my site on HostGator?
Chapter 7: How to install WordPress blogs or a PhpBB Forum on HostGator
Chapter 8: An important note



Chapter 1: Review and how to sign up (Read me!)


Since the beginning of 2012 most of my websites are located on HostGator servers. So far I'm very happy and pleased by HostGator's performance and the customer support they provide.

In addition to Phone, Tickets and Live Chat (which actually works and is actually helpful) they also offer a Forum where members of the staff and users answer the questions you post.

The forum is a great addition because users have a lot of knowledge themselves which they share with other users. At times forums can be of a higher quality and responsiveness than the company's support is. See the Apple Discussion Forums, the support provided by users is much better than Apple's support. So the Forums are a big PLUS for what concerns customer support.


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HostGator currently offers the following hosting packages: Hatchling, Baby, Business, VPS.



Hatchling Plan

Recommended for:

People who plan to build only ONE website.

Specifications:

- Toll free support
- Unlimited space
- Unlimited monthly datatransfer
- Unlimited MySQL
- 1 Domain allowed


and more...


Signup for 3.96$/month



Baby Plan

Recommended for:

People who plan to build multiple websites.

Specifications:

- Toll free support
- Unlimited space
- Unlimited monthly datatransfer
- Unlimited MySQL
- Unlimited domains allowed


and more...


Signup for 6.36$/month



Business Plan

Recommended for:

People who plan to build multiple websites.

Specifications:

- Toll free support
- Unlimited space
- Unlimited monthly datatransfer
- Unlimited MySQL
- Unlimited domains allowed
- 1 dedicated IP address

and more...


Signup for 10.36$/month



All plans offer toll free customer support by Chat, Phone, Ticket and Forum.

Hatchling allows only one domain so it's only for people who want to build only one website. Baby allows unlimited domains hence unlimited websites. The Business Plan adds a dedicated IP address. A dedicated IP ensures faster response during periods of high traffic load and may also improve your website's ranking on search engines.

If you decide to use HostGator I would not recommend you to use the
Hatchling plan unless you want to build only one website since otherwise it's way too limited. I would recommend you to at least use the Baby plan but better use the Business plan (which is the one I use). Of course you can upgrade your plan at any time.

If you plan having a lot of different websites or a website with a lot of traffic then you may want to have a look at
VPS which offers more resources.

When you signup you can either choose a new domain or provide a domain you already own. You will also have to choose a username and a password. If you signup with an existing domain make sure to change the DNS Servers with the ones you will be provided by HostGator at your current registrar.

Here you will find some basic instructions and FAQs on using HostGator...



Chapter 2: Uploading to HostGator



2.1 Where to find the connection data (server settings)


Once you signed up to HostGator there two different ways to connect to your server. Either using the IP Address or using your domain. For the latter one use:

Server address/Hostname: ftp.yourdomain.com
Username: username@yourdomain.com
Password: Your password


Where username is the username you did choose when you signed up and yourdomain.com is your main domain hence the one you used when you signed up.

2.2 Upload to HostGator using RapidWeaver’s integrated FTP


Go to File => Publishing Settings => FTP

Type-in the connection parameters as provided by your hosting.


1b

Server: ftp.yourdomain.com
User Name: username@yourdomain.com
Password: Your password
Path: /public_html/
If you have multiple domains (see Chapter 3) use /public_html/ for your main domain. For additional domains use /public_html/yourdomain.com/

Check the “Save password in Keychain” box so that you don’t have to enter it every time you publish.

Once you entered the information all you need to do is go to File and choose “Publish Site...”. After the first time you upload it will upload only the files that you changed since the last time you published. It will not publish the whole site all over again every time you hit publish. This saves you a lot of time.

You can also publish your website on local (on your computer) and visit your website without uploading it to the web by going to File => Export Site...
Then you could visit it by opening one of the html files.
You could also upload your website by exporting it on local and then use an FTP application as described in 2.3 instead of using RapidWeaver’s integrated FTP.

Note that this is not a way to make a backup of your website. RapidWeaver can’t import those published html files. To make a backup have a look at the appropriate FAQ.


2.3 Connect and upload to HostGator using Cyberduck (or any other FTP application)


Go to File => Export Site...

Cyberduck is Freeware (or Donationware). It is very good, really easy to use and the one I like the most...

First thing I have to do when I launch the application for the first time is configure it to allow it to access the server and retrieve/send data.

I click on Open Connection




and get a dialog window like this one:



This is the connection data you have to enter in Cyberduck (or any other FTP client) to connect to your server...

Server: ftp.yourdomain.com
Username: username@yourdomain.com
Password: Your password

Check the “Add to Keychain” checkbox for it to remember the password and hit “Connect”.

To make things easier Bookmark the location you upload your files to in Cyberduck.

Click on
then Click on “+” at the bottom of the Bookmarks to add a Bookmark.

Next time you use Cyberduck simply go to




click on the downward flash at the right and a tear down menu will appear from which you choose the bookmarked location on your server to connect to it.

Once you’re connected you will see a list of folders. Drag&Drop the files you published from RapidWeaver from your computer into the public_html folder. If you have multiple domains (see Chapter 3) in the public_html folder you will see a folder for each of your domains




Drop the files into the folder named after the website's domain in Cyberduck.

2.4 What is the root?


If you upload a picture to the root of your server or website (let’s call it picture.jpg) the picture will show up if you enter http://yourdomain.com/picture.jpg in your browser (ex. Safari) (more info about the root here)

On HostGator the root of your main domain is the public_html folder.

Example: picture.jpg
dropped in public_html
will show up entering http://rapidweaverfaq.org/picture.jpg in the browser if rapidweaverfaq.org is my main domain.

Having multiple domains (see Chapter 3) public_html will remain the root of your main domain. Whereas for your additional domains it will be the domain's folder you find in the public_html folder.

Example: picture.jpg
dropped in the rapidweaverfaq.org folder you find in the public_html folder
will show up entering http://rapidweaverfaq.org/picture.jpg in the browser if rapidweaverfaq.org is an additional domain.



Chapter 3: Domains



3.1 What happens if I have multiple domains?


If you will have multiple domains the server will still be the same but once you connect to the server there will also be another folder called yourdomain2.com to upload the files which go to that domain. It’s really easy.

When you’re using RapidWeaver’s integrated FTP everything stays the same but under Directory/Path write
/public_html/yourdomain2.com/ (which stands for the second domain)
instead of
/public_html/
all the other parameters will stay exactly the same as above.


3.2 How do I add another domain to my hosting account?


3.2.1 If you already own the domain

1) Change the DNS Servers at your current registrar to reflect the DNS Servers you were provided with by HostGator when you signed up
2) Login to your account's control panel by visiting http://yourdomain.com/cpanel
3) Under Domains choose Addon Domains. Under New Domain Name type the domain you want to add. Skip the next two boxes since they will be filled in automatically. Under Password and Password (Again) type your password and hit Add Domain.
4) Connecting to your server in the public_html folder you will now see a new folder named after domain you added. This is where you upload the files of the site which goes with that domain.

3.2.2 Registering a new domain

1) Login to your account's control panel by visiting http://yourdomain.com/cpanel
2) In the top-right corner under Register type the domain you'd like to register and click on Register and proceed to register the domain
3) Under Domains choose Addon Domains. If your new domain is not automatically added to the list add it. Under New Domain Name type the domain you want to add. Skip the next two boxes since they will be filled in automatically. Under Password and Password (Again) type your password and hit Add Domain.
4) Connecting to your server in the public_html folder you will now see a new folder named after domain you added. This is where you upload the files of the site which goes with that domain.


3.3 How can I have two domains pointing to the same site?


If you have a website under yourdomain.com and want to have another domain otherdomain.com pointing to it so people see the same website when entering either of the domains log into your control panel and add the new domain as previously seen. If you registered it with another registrar change the DNS Servers of the domain to your HostGator DNS Servers first.

When adding the domain under Addon Domains where it says Document Root type the same path as of the domain you want to display the content of.

Example:

Let's say you have a domain yourdomain.com pointing to
/public_html/yourdomain.com/
and you now want to have a yourdomain2.com pointing to the same website. When adding yourdomain2.com in Addon Domains you would type the same path for it as for yourdomain.com hence yourdomain2.com would also read
/public_html/yourdomain.com/
under Document Root.

Please note that it is generally not recommended to point two domains to the same website since in Google Search Results the site could show up with the less preferred domain.



Chapter 4: E-mails



4.1 How can I have e-mails like me@mydomain.com?


1) Login to your account's control panel by visiting http://yourdomain.com/cpanel
2) Under Mail choose Email Accounts
3) Configure the E-Mail Address you want

Email: type_your_name_or_nickname @ choose the domain name
Example: username@yourdomain.com

Password and Password (again): type the password you want to use for the mail account

Mailbox Quota: Either define a max. quota or choose unlimited

4) Once you're done click on Create Account.

Usually people also make an e-mail address like
webmaster@mydomain.com which is a good idea.


4.2 How do I use e-mails like me@mydomain.com with Mail application, Outlook or on the iPhone?



Go to Mail=>Preferences=>Accounts and hit the “+” at the bottom of it.

The data to enter in the fields is:

Full Name: Your Name (this will display in the From part when people get an e-mail from you)
Email Address: me@mydomain.com
Password: The password you choose for your e-mail address
=>Click on Continue
Account Type: POP
Description: enter your e-mail address
Incoming Mail Server: mail.yourdomain.com
User Name: me@mydomain.com
Password: The password you choose for your e-mail address
=>Click Continue (if it says there has been a problem ignore it and continue)
Incoming Mail Security: uncheck SSL and choose Authentication: Password
=>Click Continue
Outgoing Mail Server (smtp): will be the same as your incoming Mail Server, thus mail.yourdomain.com
Use Authentication: check Use Authentication
User Name: me@mydomain.com
Password: The password you choose for your e-mail address
=>Click Continue (if it says there has been a problem ignore it and continue)
outgoing Mail Security: uncheck SSL and choose Authentication: Password
After you clicked Continue, check Take account online, Create


4.3 How do I check my e-mails on the web?


All you need to do is enter http://webmail.yourdomain.com in your browser (where yourdomain.com is your main domain even if you want to check e-mails of an Addon Domain) and you will be forwarded to a page with login boxes.

Username: me@mydomain.com (thus your e-mail address)
Password: the password you choose when you set up the e-mail

Type the e-mail you want to check. You can then choose whether you want to use Horde, RoundCube, SquirrelMail to read your e-mails. Choose the one you like the most.


Chapter 5: How can I have a custom "404 Error - Page not found" page on HostGator? And how do I create it?


In RapidWeaver add a new page and build your 404 page. I would recommend you to have a redirect on it (with time delay if you want) leading to your website's main page.
It's a good idea to add Statcounter on that page. This way you see where people getting to the error page come from. If they come from one of your pages you know that there's a wrong link on that page and you should fix it. In Statcounter add an extra project only for the Not found page.


1) Connect to your server using your FTP application (Cyberduck)
2) Navigate to the public_html folder (or your Addon Domain folder)
3) In the .htaccess folder enter

ErrorDocument 404 /notfound.html

Replacing /notfound.html with the path to the Not Found page.

If there is no .htaccess file on place yet using Cyberduck ctrl+click (right-click), select New File, name the file .htaccess and open it in TextWrangler to add the above line.



Chapter 6: How can I password protect my site on HostGator?


1) Login to your account's control panel by visiting http://yourdomain.com/cpanel
2) Under Security choose Password Protect Directories, navigate to the location of the folder you want to password protect (to open folders click the icons). Once you found the folder click the folder's name.
3) You will now see the following page:

pass1


4) Under Security Settings choose Password protect this directory. Under Name the protected directory I'd recommend you to type the directory's name. Hit Save.
5) Under Create User you can create users who are allowed to access this directory. Type a username, a password and hit Add/Modify authorized user.

Here you can add/delete/edit usernames at any time

6) Now when someone tries accessing any file inside the protected folder he or she will have to type in the username and password to continue…

password8


How can I password protect an RapidWeaver site on HostGator? A site is a folder too. As you know the URL of an iWeb site is http://yourdomain.com/sitename/pagename.html the "sitename" folder is the one you have to choose to protect.

Can I also just password protect a single page of my site? No. You would have to define a folder for that page only then protect that folder.



Chapter 7: How to install WordPress blogs or a PhpBB Forum on HostGator


How to install a WordPress blog on HostGator is described here on wordpressfaq.org

How to install a
PhpBB Forum on HostGator is described here on phpbbfaq.org


Chapter 8: An important note


In the public_html folder and in the Addon Domains folders you will find a folder named cgi-bin. Never delete this folder.


Chapter 9: Signup


hostgator2


Signup




If you would like to know anything else or want me to add something to this FAQ please let me know...


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- Cédric -


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